1) Policy

– Waste disposal management shall be taken special note to reduce hospital infection.

– Infections wastes shall be handled, stored strictly and burnt by a incinerator found at hospital site.


2) Waste Disposal Plan

  1. a)Classification

– Medical wastes in hospital are classified as follows;


Infections Waste Specially-controlled waste Organ, needle, etc.
Industrial waste Rubber gloves, etc.
General waste Gauze, etc.
General Waste Plastic, Rubber Infusion bottle, etc.
Paper, wood, Vinyl Voucher, etc.
Metal, Glass Can, Glass bottle


  1. b) Infections Waste Disposal

– Segregation: Infections waste disposal shall be segregated appropriately and packed in particular containers and delivered to storage. The segregation, packing and delivery shall be operated appropriately at every room like outpatient, operation theater, blood collection room and dialysis room.

– Precaution: Infections waste shall not be place in other containers on the way of segregation, packing and delivery.

– Storage: Infections waste shall be kept in the storage in hospital site temporarily until diseases waste is incinerated.

– Incinerator:


it’s designed to sterilize medical waste, reduce its quantity, and render its parts unrecognizable all in one fully enclosed and automated system.

It combines direct heated steam, high pressure and shredding to treat infectious materials.

The contaminated waste is loaded into the upper stainless steel room where a heavy-duty shredder reduces the waste into small pieces. Using gravity, the processed material falls to the treatment room where each bit is steam heated to 134 and pressurized to 3 to bar for 20 minutes. The operating conditions are continuously monitored and validated to attain complete sterilization.

The 60 minutes average duration process cycle is wholly automated. A computerized system monitors the process and automatically prints a report with the essential sterilizing parameters in the end of the cycle for accurate record keeping.

Treatment cycle:

1- Loading; the contaminated waste is automatically -loaded into the chamber of the unit

2-Shredding; the heavy-duty shredder cut the material into small pieces and features a unique reversing system to avoid jamming

3-Heat; soaked pressurized steam increases the temperature to 134 C and the pressure to 3 bar

4-Sterilization; the sterilization comes into direct contact with the shredding material (134 c, 3 bar) for 20 minutes

5-Cooling; temperature is reduced to 80 C by spraying cool water on Dual coat of the treatment vessel, simultaneously, the unit returns to ambient pressure

6-Draining; the steam is condensed to water and discharged with the cooling water to the sanitary sewer system

7-vacuum; the residual residual steam is vented out through a vacuum pump

8-Unloading; an electronic signal informs the operator that safe operating conditions have been fulfilled

The condition unlocks the unit and allows gravity unloading of the treated waste into a container

Teaching Specification

General Characteristics

8log 10

Operational temp. max 160 C
Max Weight when filld with waste For a special hydraulic test. Kg 10500
Stress. Kg/ cm3 3.5
Steam Pressure. Bar 8
Max Steam Flow Kg/h 500
Compressed Air Bar 6
Electricity 380 V/3 – phase Surge Protection system 35KW
Operating Characteristics
Average Cycle Time. minutes 60
Process Wight Capacity . Kg 500 – 600
Density. Kg/m3 100
Average process wight capacity Kg./cycle microbial inactivation 200-300


Waste volume reductin 80%
Consumption / Cycle
Steam. Kg 40
Electricity . KW/h 9
Water Liters 500